Is it a virus?

A malicious Command and Control (C&C) server like in the context of a Remote Access Trojan (RAT) is a server infrastructure set up and controlled by cybercriminals to manage and communicate with compromised computer systems. This server is utilized as a central command hub through which the attacker can remotely issue instructions to the infected systems. A “bad” C&C server, associated with a RAT Trojan, typically facilitates unauthorized access, data exfiltration, and other malicious activities on the compromised devices. The server acts as a conduit for the cybercriminal to control and manipulate the infected systems, often with the intent of stealing sensitive information, conducting surveillance, or deploying additional malware.

Illustration of

How does it infect the computer?

A malicious server establishes a connection with a computer through a multi-stage process. First, the computer becomes compromised through various means, such as phishing emails, infected downloads, or exploiting software vulnerabilities. Once infected, the malware executes its payload, often installing a Remote Access Trojan (RAT). The RAT then initiates a connection to the predefined address or domain associated with the malicious server. This connection enables bidirectional communication, allowing to send commands to the infected computer, directing it to perform malicious activities like data theft or further malware deployment. maintains persistence on the compromised system by employing evasion techniques, such as hiding the malware, using encryption, or exploiting vulnerabilities to resist removal. Additionally, to adapt and avoid detection, the server may dynamically change its characteristics, such as IP addresses or domain names. This dynamic nature makes it challenging for security systems to effectively block or monitor the communication between the compromised computer and the malicious server. Overall, the interconnectedness between a computer and is orchestrated through a series of steps designed to compromise, control, and exploit the targeted system for nefarious purposes.

How does this malware operate?

The payload of on an infected computer typically consists of a Remote Access Trojan (RAT) or another type of malware. This payload serves as the malicious software component that facilitates communication between the compromised system and Once executed, the payload enables the attacker to remotely control the infected computer, execute commands, exfiltrate sensitive data, and potentially download and install additional malware, allowing for a range of malicious activities.


Detecting signs of a computer linked to a malicious Command and Control (C&C) server like is crucial for identifying and preventing potential threats. Unusual network traffic patterns, such as a high volume of outgoing connections or frequent communication with suspicious IP addresses, may indicate server activity. Additionally, unexplained spikes in data transmission, especially during non-operational hours, can suggest unauthorized data exfiltration.

Unexpected behavior in system processes and network connections is another sign; for instance, continuous attempts by applications to establish connections or modifications to system files and settings without user intervention. Monitoring for these anomalies through network traffic analysis, intrusion detection systems, and endpoint security solutions can help identify and respond to potential server interactions. Regularly updating security software, conducting thorough system scans, and educating users on recognizing and reporting suspicious activities are essential components of a comprehensive strategy to detect and prevent the impact of threats.

For more help

The Trojan threat family has made a number of threats presently spread over the internet. See the Trojan category for related dangers and efficient eradication techniques.

How to remove

To totally remove from the computer and get rid of relevant viruses and trojans, please execute the procedures as stated on this page. Make sure that you have completely scanned the system with the suggested malware removal tools and virus scanners.

Quick Fix - Scan the PC with Combo Cleaner for Windows

Combo Cleaner is a trusted PC security and optimization tool equipped with a powerful virus and malware detection engine. This program can get rid of hazardous viruses like through this procedure.

1. Download the application from the following page:

2. Save the file to your preferred location.

3. Double-click the downloaded file CCSetup.exe and install with the default settings.

CC for Windows Installation

4. At the end of the setup process, click Finish to run Combo Cleaner.

5. The tool will update the signature file, please wait for this process to complete.

6. To begin checking for threats like, click on the Start Scan button. Wait for this scan to finish.

CC for Windows Start Scan

7. At the end of the scan process, click on Remove all threats to delete the virus, including all malicious objects from the computer.

Free features of Combo Cleaner for Windows include Disk Cleaner, Big Files finder, Duplicate files finder, and Uninstaller. To use antivirus, privacy scanner, and to delete identified threats, users have to upgrade to a premium version.

Please continue with the succeeding removal procedures if you are comfortable manually getting rid of the virus and malicious items linked to it.

Step 1 : Start Windows in Safe Mode With Networking

Windows 10 / 11 Guide

1. Click on the Windows logo and select the Power icon when options pop up.
2. Select Restart from the options while pressing the Shift key on the keyboard.
3. Choose an Option window will appear. Select the Troubleshoot button.
4. In next window, please choose the Advanced Option.
5. On the Advanced Option window, click on Startup Settings, and then, click the Restart button to reboot the computer.
6. When Windows boots in Startup Settings, press the function key F5 or number 5 on the keyboard.

A simpler alternative for Windows 10 users is to scan the computer with Microsoft Defender Offline. This will run a virus scan in the recovery environment.

Windows 8 Guide

1. Click the Windows Start icon in the lower left section of the screen.
2. Open the Search window and type Advanced in the field. It will open General PC Settings.
3. Click on Advanced Startup, and then click on the Restart Now button.
4. Once the computer starts in the Advanced Startup option menu, select Troubleshoot.
5. Next, click on Advanced Options to reveal the next section.
6. Click Startup settings, and then click the Restart button to boot the PC in Startup Settings.
7. Use function key F5 or number key 5 to Enable Safe Mode with Networking.

Step 2 : Run a virus scanner

To remove, we suggest that you scan the infected computer with this powerful virus removal tool. It can detect and get rid of Trojans, viruses, malware, and adware from the infected computer. To fully protect the computer against or similar attacks, you can activate Sophos to have real-time scanning and complete defense against all forms of threats.

1. Download Sophos Virus Removal Tool from the link below. Save the file on your computer where you can easily access it.

2. Once the download completes, browse the location of the file. Double-click to run the program and begin the install process.

3. On the first window of installation wizard, click Next to continue. Then, it will display the program’s License Agreement. You need to Accept the terms in order to proceed. If Windows prompts for User Account Control, please click Yes to proceed.

Screenshot of Sophos EULA Page

4. On succeeding windows, click Next or Continue to carry on with the installation. After completing the installation process, Launch Sophos Virus Removal Tool.

5. An internet connection is required when running this scanner in order to download important updates. Make sure that everything is up-to-date to effectively remove viruses like

6. Click the Start Scanning button to  carry out the Scan. This will check the system for the presence of malicious objects, malware, and viruses. The tool reveals items that were found linked to and other suspicious entities. Be sure to remove all identified threats.

Screenshot of Sophos Virus Scan

After executing the above instructions, should have been completely removed from the computer. If there are still signs of infection or the computer is displaying unusual behaviors, please continue with the remaining procedures.

Step 3 : Double Check with Windows Security Apps

Microsoft Windows has a built-in security application that you can use to double-check if your computer is still infected with For Windows 8 and 10/11 users, please run Windows Security. Users of Windows Vista and older versions can utilize Microsoft Security Essentials to remove the virus.

Windows 8 / 10 / 11 Instructions:

Windows Security is a free tool that was built to help you remove, viruses, and other malicious items from Windows 8 or Windows 10/11 systems. Follow these procedures to scan your computer with the tool:

1. Tap or click the Search charm, search for Windows Security, and then open the application.

Image of Windows Security Search

2. On the Home tab, click Virus and threat protection from the sidebar.

3. On the main window, click on Scan Options. Then, click on Full Scan button.

Image of Scan Options

4. Lastly, click on the Scan now button to start scanning for the presence of The process may take a while to complete.

5. After the scan, Delete/Quarantine identified threats, whether they were relevant to or not. You may now restart Windows to complete the virus removal process.

How to protect the computer from

The initial defense that comes to mind for any computer user is to install an anti-virus or anti-malware program. This move is sensible and probably the most practical way to protect the computer against a attack. Hence, keep in mind that having security software does not guarantee full protection. The majority of the prevention still lies in being cautious of users, and therefore, we are providing the following information as guidelines to protect the computer from virus infection.

Avoid Malicious Websites

There are enormous numbers of websites that were made for the primary purpose of spreading Normally, these sites are involved in integrating malicious pop-up and browser hijacker, that will eventually cause further virus infections. Avoid such websites.

Ignore and Delete Phishing Emails

The mass-mailing of computer viruses gives the attackers the luxury of spreading their malicious code in just one send-off. This will arrive in the inbox as an email that appears to be from a legitimate organization. So, if you receive an unexpected email with a link or an attached file, better delete it immediately.

Do Not Click a Suspicious Link

Links from social media, forums, and blog sites are sometimes being utilized by attackers to drive web users to a malicious page that contains malicious code. Therefore, do not just click on any link, especially if it looks suspicious. Accidental access to the destination site may lead to a infection.

Be Careful When Downloading Files

Cracked software, serial key generators, and several freeware are seen as another method that spreads the virus. Avoid acquiring these types of applications, and if there is a need to download freeware or shareware, be sure to obtain it from the official website or trusted providers.

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