Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn

Presented on this page is a description for the harmful computer threat named Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn virus. Also part of the contents are Removal Guide, suggested Virus Scanner, and ways to Protect the Computer.

What is Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn?

Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn is a harmful computer Trojan that attacks a system by exploiting several vulnerabilities in Abode Acrobat and Reader. This Trojan can give unauthorized remote access to the author through a backdoor that was designed specifically for malicious intent. Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn will steal sensitive information from its victims and sends it to a remote server using various online transmission methods.

Threat Behavior

Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn mainly attacks a target computer by taking advantages of remote code vulnerability in Adobe Acrobat and Adobe Reader applications. It will arrive in a usual Trojan distribution manner like spam email messages, infected web site, unsecured peer-to-peer connections and malicious links originating from instant messaging applications.

Payload

When Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn is executed, it deliberately drops the following malicious files:
%UserProfile%\Application Data\(random characters).exe
%UserProfile%\Application Data\(random characters).DAT

To configure own start-up entry, the Trojan will modify system registry and add this line of entry:
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\”Shell”
= “Explorer.exe “%UserProfile%\Application Data\msupdater.exe””

The registry entry calls and run the main executable file so that Trojan will run every time Windows starts.

Once running inside the compromised computer, it will then attempt to communicate with various command and control servers. These remote stations may send command to an infected computer and execute the following procedures:

  • Drop and execute additional threat
  • Open a remote shell
  • List files and folders on a local drive
  • Delete files and folders
  • Generate a list of running process on the system
  • End any of the running processes
  • Create own process for the Trojan
  • Steal sensitive information including user name and password, computer name, and system information.

How to remove Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn?

To totally remove Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn from the computer and get rid of relevant virus and trojan, please execute the procedures as stated on this page. Make sure that you have completely scan the system with suggested malware removal tools and virus scanners.

Quick Fix - Scan the PC with Combo Cleaner for Windows

Combo Cleaner is a trusted PC security and optimization tool equipped with powerful virus and malware detection engine. This program can get rid of hazardous virus like Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn through this procedure.

1. Download the application from the following page:

2. Save the file to your preferred location.

3. Double-click the downloaded file CCSetup.exe and install with the default settings.

CC for Windows Installation

4. At the end of the setup process, click Finish to run Combo Cleaner.

5. The tool will update the signature file, please wait for this process to complete.

6. To begin checking for threats like Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn, click on the Start Scan button. Wait for this scan to finish.

CC for Windows Start Scan

7. At the end of the scan process, click on Remove all threats to delete Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn virus including all malicious objects from the computer.

Free features of Combo Cleaner for Windows include Disk Cleaner, Big Files finder, Duplicate files finder, and Uninstaller. To use antivirus, privacy scanner, and to delete identified threats, users have to upgrade to a premium version.

Please continue with the succeeding removal procedures if your are comfortable to manually get rid of the virus and malicious items linked with it.

Stage 1 : Start Windows in Safe Mode With Networking

Windows 10 Guide

1. Click on Windows logo and select Power icon when options pop-ups.
2. Select Restart from the options while pressing Shift key on the keyboard.
3. Choose an Option window will appear, select the Troubleshoot button.
4. On next window, please choose Advanced Option.
5. On Advanced Option window, click on Startup Settings and then, click Restart button to reboot the computer.
6. When Windows boot on Startup Settings, press function key F5 or number 5 on keyboard.

A simpler alternative for Windows 10 users is to scan the computer with Microsoft Defender Offline. This will run a virus scan in the recovery environment.

Windows 8 Guide

1. Click Windows Start icon at the lower left section of the screen.
2. Open Search window and type Advanced in the field. It will open General PC Settings.
3. Click on Advanced Startup and then, click on Restart Now button.
4. Once the computer starts in Advanced Startup option menu, select Troubleshoot.
5. Next, click on Advanced Options to reveal the next section.
6. Click Startup settings and then, click Restart button to boot the PC in Startup Settings.
7. Use function key F5 or number key 5 to Enable Safe Mode with Networking.

Stage 2 : Run a virus scanner

To remove Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn, we suggest that you scan the infected computer with this powerful virus removal tool. It can detect and get rid of Trojans, viruses, malware, and adware from the infected computer. To fully protect the computer against Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn or similar attack, you can activate Sophos to have real-time scanning and complete defense against all forms of threats.

1. Download Sophos Virus Removal Tool from the link below. Save the file on your computer where you can easily access it.

2. Once the download completes, browse the location of the file. Double-click to run the program and begin the install process.

3. On first windows of installation wizard, click Next to continue. Then, it will display the program’s License Agreement. You need to Accept the terms in order to proceed. If Windows prompts for User Account Control, please click Yes to proceed.

4. On succeeding windows, click Next or Continue to carry on with the installation. After completing the installation process, Launch Sophos Virus Removal Tool.

5. Internet connection is required when running this scanner in order to download important updates. Make sure that everything is up-to-date to effectively remove virus like Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn.

6. Click the  button to  carry out the Scan. This will check the system for presence of malicious objects, malware, and viruses. The tool reveals items that were found linked to Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn and other suspicious entities. Be sure to remove all identified threats.

Screenshot of Sophos Virus Scan

After executing the above instructions, Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn should have been eliminated totally from the computer. If there are still signs of infection or computer is displaying unusual behaviors, please continue with the remaining procedures.

Stage 2 :Double Check with Microsoft Security Apps

Microsoft Windows has built-in security application that you can use to double-check if computer is still infected with Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn. For Windows 8 and 10 users, please run Windows Defender. Users of Windows Vista and older versions can utilize Microsoft Security Essentials to remove Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn virus.

Windows 8 / 10 Instructions:

Windows Defender is a free tool that was built help you remove Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn, viruses, and other malicious items from Windows 8 or Windows 10 system. Follow these procedures to scan your computer with Windows Defender:

1. Tap or click the Search charm, search for defender, and then open Windows Defender.

If Windows Defender is not yet installed on the computer, please proceed to download page using the link below. It also contains detailed instruction to install and use the program effectively. Proper usage is required to totally remove Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn

WD-charm

2. On the Home tab, click Full under Scan Options. Click Scan now to start scanning for presence of Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn. The process may take a while to complete.

WD-fullscan

3. After the scan, delete/quarantine identified threats wether it is relevant to Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn or not. You may now restart Windows to complete the virus removal process.

Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 Instructions:

1. Open Microsoft Security Essentials by going to Windows Start > All Programs. If the tool is not yet installed on the computer, please download Microsoft Security Essentials from the link below. Save the file on your hard drive.

Complete installation guide and usage are also provided on the same link. It is essential in removing Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn effectively. If Microsoft Security Essentials is already installed on the PC, please proceed with the steps below.

2. On Microsoft Security Essentials Home screen, please choose Full under Scan Options.

MSE Full Scan

3. Click on Scan Now button to start detecting Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn items, viruses, and malware on the PC. Scan may take a while, please be patient and wait for the process to end.

How to protect the computer from Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn?

The initial defense that comes to the mind of any computer users is to install an anti-virus or anti-malware program. This move is sensible and probably the most practical way to protect the computer against Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn attack. Hence, keep in mind that having a security software do not give full guarantee of protection. The most part of the prevention still lies on being cautious of users and therefore we are providing the following information as guidelines to protect the computer from virus infection.

Avoid Malicious Websites

There are enormous numbers of websites that was made for the primary purpose of spreading Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn. Normally, these sites are involved in integrating malicious pop-up and browser hijacker, that will eventually cause further virus infection. Avoid such kind of websites.

Delete Phishing Emails

The mass-mailing of computer viruses gives the attackers the luxury of spreading their malicious code in just one send off. This will arrive in the inbox as email that appears to be from a legitimate organization. So, if you receive an unexpected email with a link or an attached file, better delete it immediately.

Do Not Click a Suspicious Link

Links from social media, forums, and blog sites are sometimes being utilized by attackers to drive web users to a malicious page that contains malicious code. Therefore, do not just click on any link especially if it looks suspicious. Accidental access to the destination site may lead to Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn infection.

Be Careful When Downloading Files

Cracked software, serial key generators, and several freeware are seen as another method that spreads the Backdoor:Win32/Lancher!rfn virus. Avoid acquiring these types of application and if there is a need to download a freeware or shareware, be sure to obtain it from the official website or trusted providers.

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