Lockbit ransomware is a creation of hackers that works in the underground network and therefore, identifying the culprit for the spread of this hazardous virus is quite not possible. Including the computer, servers, and internet connection they are using are passing through hidden channels that do not disclose their location. Lockbit ransomware spread campaign utilizes this concealed platforms in order to distribute copies of the virus to random victims without a trace.
How Lockbit Virus Reaches the Computer?
The fact is, Lockbit ransomware has no specific target in the majority of attacks and the virus is spread throughout the internet and those who can catch it becomes the prey. For example, attackers incorporates Lockbit ransomware to spam email messages and sends it to a collection of email addresses, which they have gathered from previous malware infection, or may have bought from the underground network of hackers. Lockbit ransomware usually arrives in the inbox as normal letter from prominent organization and the subject as well as the sender does not appear suspicious at all. Furthermore, it holds an influential message that can easily persuade the recipients to open the attached file. That is the period when Lockbit ransomware will start the initial infection.
Next to phishing scam, hackers also find success to distribute the virus using maliciously modified freeware as well as infected pirated copies of commercial software. Because these files are already executable, it is much easier for the virus to initialize during the setup process. Computer users are totally unaware of the infection proceedings because Lockbit ransomware cleverly conceals its malicious activities on the system.
Links from website comments, forums, and social media sites are also helpful in the propagation of Lockbit ransomware. These malicious links will open a browser page or redirect the current window to an infected website that will download the payload carrier.
.Lockbit File Encryption/Decryption
After infecting the computer, Lockbit ransomware do not proceed with the file encryption at once. It may still gather basic computer and network information that it will send to a remote server. Then, it waits for a command and public key. Once obtained Lockbit ransomware performs file-locking actions and applies the public key along with the high-level encryption method. In addition, the virus inserts .lockbit file extension to encrypted data. That being said, the normal billing.doc converts to billing.doc.lockbit.
Subsequently, a ransom note file is generated on the computer informing victims on the file encryption occurrence. It also gives a warning that any unnecessary modifications on the encrypted file will permanently cause damage. Here is an excerpt from the ransom note Restore-My-Files.txt.
All your important files are encrypted!
Any attempts to restore your files with the third-party software will be fatal to your files!
Restoring your data is possible only when buying private key from us…
As of this moment, there is no free way to decrypt all .lockbit files. Hence, we will update this page once the dedicated decryption software is on hand.
Technical Data of Lockbit Ransomware
|Threat Name||Lockbit Ransomware|
|Threat Type||Crypto-virus, File Locker, Encryption Virus|
|Ransomware Note File||Restore-My-Files.txt|
|Virus Alias||AegisLab : Trojan.Multi.Generic.4!c|
BitDefender : Gen:NN.ZexaF.34634.Hq0@aGbdDmdi
Bkav : W32.AIDetectVM.malware1
CrowdStrike Falcon : Win/malicious_confidence_100% (D)
Cylance : Unsafe
Cynet : Malicious (score: 100)
Elastic : Malicious (high Confidence)
FireEye : Generic.mg.9fed2cab0ee444cc
Kaspersky : UDS:DangerousObject.Multi.Generic
McAfee : Artemis!9FED2CAB0EE4
Microsoft : Trojan:Win32/Wacatac.C!ml
Qihoo-360 : HEUR/QVM10.1.540F.Malware.Gen
Sophos ML : Generic ML PUA (PUA)
VBA32 : BScope.Trojan.Wacatac
ZoneAlarm : UDS:DangerousObject.Multi.Generic
For complete details including full detection list, hash file, file names, and technical behavior (registry actions, shell commands, and processes) of Lockbit ransomware, please refer to this VirusTotal page.
Backup your files
One important step before proceeding with the procedures below is to backup your files. Ransomware are not the same. Each has its unique sets of payloads aside from encrypting the files with complex method. Others tend to delete the infected files after certain period, while others keep them concealed on hidden places. In addition, ransomware decryption tools are not guaranteed to be perfect, there are instances that files suffer from damages during the decryption process.
So, create a backup copy of your entire Lockbit encrypted files right now.
Lockbit Ransomware Removal Guide
First thing to do is remove the Lockbit virus before attempting the decryption. Remember that as long as the ransomware is active, it will repeatedly encrypt the files on the compromised computer.
Infection of Lockbit ransom virus is dangerous to the system because it can inject files that runs each time Windows starts. To prevent the malicious files from loading, Windows operating system must run with minimal process and it can be done through SafeMode With Networking.
Stage 1 : Temporarily Disable System Restore on Windows OS
Because Lockbit and relevant virus is capable of reinstating itself by exploiting the System Restore of Windows, we suggests that you temporary disable System Restore while executing the steps. This option is also helpful to effectively run a full scan on the computer.Do not forget to enable back System Restore after completing the removal of Lockbit ransomware. This feature is vital in reinstating the operating system to previous normal working condition in case of problems or conflicts occurs.
Stage 2 : Start Windows in Safe Mode With Networking
Windows 10 Guide
1. Click on Windows logo and select Power icon when options pop-ups.
2. Select Restart from the options while pressing Shift key on the keyboard.
3. Choose an Option window will appear, select the Troubleshoot button.
4. On next window, please choose Advanced Option.
5. On Advanced Option window, click on Startup Settings and then, click Restart button to reboot the computer.
6. When Windows boot on Startup Settings, press function key F5 or number 5 on keyboard.
A simpler alternative for Windows 10 users is to scan the computer with Microsoft Defender Offline. This will run a virus scan in the recovery environment.
Windows 8 Guide
1. Click Windows Start icon at the lower left section of the screen.
2. Open Search window and type Advanced in the field. It will open General PC Settings.
3. Click on Advanced Startup and then, click on Restart Now button.
4. Once the computer starts in Advanced Startup option menu, select Troubleshoot.
5. Next, click on Advanced Options to reveal the next section.
6. Click Startup settings and then, click Restart button to boot the PC in Startup Settings.
7. Use function key F5 or number key 5 to Enable Safe Mode with Networking.
Stage 3 : Scan the Computer with Sophos Antivirus
Ransomware files are placed deeply into the system and on various locations, thus, thorough scanning is vital to totally remove Lockbit virus. Aside from our suggested tool, you may also run your own security program.
To remove Lockbit automatically, scanning the computer with this efficient anti-malware tool is suggested. This scanner does not just uncover known threats like viruses or malware, it is also effective in discovering hazardous ransomware like Lockbit.
1. Download Sophos Virus Removal Tool from the link below. Save the file on your computer where you can easily access it.
2. Once the download completes, browse the location of the file. Double-click to run the program and begin the install process.
3. On first windows of installation wizard, click Next to continue. Then, it will display the program’s License Agreement. You need to Accept the terms in order to proceed. If Windows prompts for User Account Control, please click Yes to proceed.
4. On succeeding windows, click Next or Continue to carry on with the installation. After completing the installation process, Launch Sophos Virus Removal Tool.
5. Internet connection is required when running this virus scanner in order to download important updates. Make sure that everything is up-to-date to effectively remove Lockbit ransomware and other relevant viruses.
6. Click the Start Scanning button to inspect the computer. This will check the system for presence of malicious objects, malware, and viruses. The tool reveals items that were found linked to Lockbit and other suspicious entities. Be sure to remove all identified threats.
The above procedures should have totally eliminated Lockbit ransomware. However, if you found that there are still remnants of the virus, please proceed to succeeding procedures below.
Stage 4 : Double-check with Microsoft's Malicious Software Removal Tool
1. Download the free scanner called Malicious Software Removal Tool.
2. The tool automatically checks the operating system and suggest appropriate download version. Click on Download button to begin. Save the file to a convenient location, preferably on Desktop.
3. After downloading the file, Windows will prompt that download has completed. Click Run to start scanning for Lockbit ransomware. Another option is to browse the location folder and double click on the file to run.
4. The tool will display Welcome screen, click Next. Please note the message "This tool is not a replacement for an antivirus product." You must understand that this program is made specifically to find and remove malware, viruses, Trojans, and other harmful elements on the computer. It was not designed to protect the computer.
5. Next, you will see Scan Type. Please choose Full Scan to ensure that all Lockbit ransom virus entities and other harmful files left on the computer will be found and removed. For advanced computer user, you can opt for Customized Scan, if there are other drives or folders you wanted to include in this scan.
6. Full scan may take a while, please wait for Malicious Software Removal Tool to complete the tasks. However, you may cancel the scan anytime by clicking on the Cancel button.
7. After scanning, the tool will reveal all identified threats. There may be other threats that our first scan fails to detect. Please remove/delete all detected items.
8. When removal procedure is complete, you may now close Malicious Software Removal Tool. We hope that Lockbit ransomware have been completely deleted from the computer. Please restart Windows to proceed with the normal operation.
Recover Files from Lockbit Ransomware Infection
On this section, we will provide ways to decrypt files infected with Lockbit ransomware. Aside from dedicated decryption software and common tools, other options for file recovery are provided. As much as we can, we will update this area whenever there is new and more suitable decryption tool was made available.
Decrypting Lockbit infected files with Emsisoft Tools
This service from Emsisoft is helpful in unlocking encrypted files without paying the ransom. It gives three ways to detect the ransomware and provide suitable recovery method:
Upload ransom note – This is usually the .txt or .hta files that was generated by Lockbit ransomware.
Upload the encrypted file – The actual encrypted file. Choose the one that is less than 8MB in size.
Contact information – Enter the email address or any links provided as it appears in the ransom note of Lockbit virus.
After submitting any of the appropriate data, Emsisoft will attempt to identify the ransomware and provide keys if there are available.
Option 1: Windows Previous Version Tool
Windows Vista and Windows 7 have a feature called Previous Versions. However, this tool is only usable if restore point was made prior to ransomware infection. To use this tool as "recovery option" for files encypted by Lockbit virus, please follow these steps:
1. Open My Computer or Windows Explorer.
2. Right-click on the affected files or folders. From the drop-down list, please click on Restore previous versions.
3. New window will open display all backup copy of files and folders you wanted to recover. Choose the appropriate file and click on Open, Copy, or Restore. Restoring selected files overwrites the current locked files on the computer. The tool is not actually recovering files encrypted by Lockbit. Instead, it restores files from backup copy.
Option 2: Use ShadowExplorer to restore files encrypted by Lockbit Ransomware
Just like Previous Version tool, ShadowExplorer is taking advantage of shadow copy created by Windows. This tool allows you to retrieve older version of files before it was encrypted by Lockbit ransomware.
1. Download ShadowExplorer from the official web site.
2. Install the program with the default settings.
3. The program should run automatically after installation. If not, double-click on ShadowExplorer icon.
4. You can see the drop-down list on top of the console. Please select proper drive and the most recent point-in-time shadow copies of files you wish to restore prior to Lockbit ransomware infection.
5. Right-click on the Drive, Folder, or File you wish to restore and click Export...
6. Lastly, ShadowExplorer will prompt for location where you want to save the copy of recovered files.
How to protect the computer from Lockbit ransomware?
After the removal of the ransomware, it is important to prevent similar incident from happening again. In order to protect the computer effectively, computer user must know how Lockbit ransomware was able to infect the computer. To minimize the possible infection, staying away from the common sources of this virus is crucial.
How Lockbit ransomware can infect your computer?
The method of infecting the computers was found to be similar as other common viruses. Though, ransomware like Lockbit is seen to have efficient deployment via spam email messages, web injectors, malicious software installers, misleading online advertisements, and through another virus infection.
Once the virus is executed, it immediately infects the system. Then, Lockbit ransomware communicates to remote server so that unique key can be generated for the specific computer. After acquiring the key, it starts to decrypt target files using a complex method that is almost unbreakable. On the last stage of the attack, Lockbit ransomware demands for ransom money as payment for the decryption tool. To further understand the attack scheme, we have included an infographic below.
Securing the computer against ransomware attack
Do a Regular File Back-up - Always backup your data on a separate storage devices such as external hard drives, optical discs, or online backup services.
Keep Your Software Updated - Make sure that you have the latest software updates especially on the operating system. Recent updates often contain vital security patches to help protect the computer against all forms of threats.
Install a Security Program - Protect the computer with effective anti-virus application using efficient real-time scanning. Regularly run a complete scan to check the computer for presence of malware.
Protect your files with Controlled Folder Access (Windows 10)
For Windows 10 users, aside from protecting the computer using anti-virus or anti-malware programs, one way to protect against ransomware attack is by using Controlled Folder Access. This feature of Windows Defender Security Center may not prevent the Lockbit ransomware infection, but it can protect the folder and files in general. Follow the steps to enable Controlled Folder Access in Windows 10.
1. Go to Windows 10 Taskbar and search for Windows Defender Security Center.
2. Open Windows Defender Security Center and click on Virus & Threat Protection icon.
3. On next window, please click on Ransomware Protection.
4. Under Controlled Folder Access section, switch the slider to On. That will enable the feature and protect the folder against Lockbit or any type of ransomware.
5. Click on Protected Folderslink to include additional folders. Make sure that folders where important files are located should be included in the list.
Certain programs maybe blocked by Controlled Folder Access feature. To fix the issue, simply have the specific program to be white listed.
1. Under Protected Folders, click Allow an app through controlled folder access.
2. Next, click the Add an allowed app and include the target executable file.
This Controlled Folder Access feature is one way to protect files against Lockbit. Other important things to do in keeping files safe against ransomware is through early prevention like keeping programs updated, install an efficient security program, an do regular file backup on a separate media drive.